When To Use What Golf Club | Choosing The Right Club

when to use what golf club

Are you a beginner golfer and still learning the fundamentals of golf? If yes, then the foremost thing you should know is when to use what golf club.

You will face problems while choosing and using clubs. Because there are many varieties of and every golf club has its distinct features and objectives. You can’t hit every time with one club or the same club.

This article will talk about the types, features, and purpose of each golf club. That will give you a better understanding of golf club selection in the course.

Primary types of golf clubs

A golfer can carry not more than 14 golf clubs in their bag during any given round. If you want to know about how many clubs in a golf bag you can carry then check our blog section. Here I will talk about the primary types of golf clubs.

  • Drivers
  • Fairway Woods
  • Hybrids
  • Wedges
  • Irons
  • Putters


During a round, drivers are likely to be the first club you reach. They usually are the longest and largest golf club. A tee strikes a driver in the tee box. It is specifically designed to give golfers distance off the tee.  

As it is the longest and largest club, a golfer has less command over drivers. As a result, drivers can be rock-like to hit. On the contrary, it is also easy to hit as a tee perches the ball up in the air.

Golf Club Drivers
Golf Club Drivers

Here is essential to know that you are not needed to use a driver only in the tee box. You can nearly use any club whenever it is legitimate to hit.

Fairway Woods

Usually, fairway woods are used for the fairway, as the name suggests. Golfers use them as a 2nd or 3rd shot from the fairway, rough, and tee times.

After the driver, woods are the longest clubs except for a few long irons; if you look carefully, you notice numbers with wood clubs such as 3, 4, 5, 7, and 9. Number 3 is the longest among them. That’s means the lower the number, the longer the length of the club, and the least amount of loft. Woods golf clubs with lower numbers are designed to travel or move lower in the air and cover more distance than golf clubs with higher numbers.

Fairway Woods
Fairway Woods

Here is the average distance you can attain with fairway woods. You can achieve

  • 125 to 240 yards using 3-wood
  • 110 to 220 yards using 4-wood
  • 105 to 215 yards using 5-wood
  • 90 to 170 yards using 7-wood

Depending on experience, skills, and clubhead speeds, several golfers will hit the ball further and others will hit it shorter.


From the name, you can assume hybrids are a combination of fairway woods and irons. Hybrid golf clubs are also known as “rescue clubs.” Because hybrids are designed to be a “rescue” to assist a golfer in some difficult situations on the course. Hybrids are also used to “replace” some of the harder-to-hit long irons and furnish more loft. They can aid in improving control while preserving distance and trajectory.

Hybrids tend to come with numbers 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. You can use combinations anywhere on the golf course in various ways, including 

  • off the tee
  • in the fairway 
  • in the rough
  • and even in the penalty areas.


For producing high trajectory, low-distance shots, wedges are a great option. Because these wedge irons are designed with a high loft, you may hear the term “short game” of golf. It means a distance of 100 yards or less from the green for the average golfer. Wedges are used for this.

Wedges come in a variety of types and all types of lofts. Standard wedges like the pitching wedge, sand wedge, lob wedge, and gap wedge are come in a set or as a package. Each of them can help produce shots of varying distances and rescue golfers from difficult situations.

Golf Club Wedges
Golf Club Wedges

Pitching wedge:

The pitching wedge has the lowest loft angle and offers the most distance. If you are close to the green, then a pitching wedge is an excellent choice for shots. For Shots ranging from 50 to 120 yards, you can use this type of club.

Gap wedge:

This wedge grant more loft and less distance than a pitching wedge. You can use this wedge for a shorter shot than a pitching wedge but further than a sand wedge.

Sand wedge:

This will wedge with the least distance. If you want to get the ball out of a bunker, use a sand wedge to hit the ball.

Lob wedge:

The lob wedge is the utmost lofted wedge in your golf bag. It makes a vertical angle of rising and falling. Suppose you want to get the ball into the air promptly in situations like getting over a tree. In this case, this wedge can assist you.

Wedges help to determine the exact distance to the green on approach shots. That’s why low handicappers or professional golfers carry at least four different wedges usually.


Irons should be your ultimate choice if you are looking for more control. Just like the hybrids and fairway woods, irons also come with various numbers. Generally range from 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. However, most golfers don’t use 2-iron.

Golf Club Irons
Golf Club Irons

The lower the number on the clubface, the more downward the trajectory or loft the ball will travel and more distance than a higher numbered club. If you hit well, you can make a ball travel a long way using the lowered numbered irons. However, they are tough to beat. That’s why many golfers don’t use them now. No worry, you can use hybrid or fairway woods instead of irons.

Again depending on experience, skills, and clubhead speeds, the average distance you can hope from irons are given below

  • 105 to 210 yards using 2-irons
  • 100 to 205 yards using 3-iron
  • 90 to 190 yards using 4-iron
  •  80 to 175 yards using 5-iron
  •  70 to 165 yards using 6-iron
  • 65 to 155 yards using 7-iron
  • 60 to 145 yards using 8-iron
  • 55 to 135 yards 9-iron

2 and 3 are short irons. 4, 5, and 6 are mid irons. And 7, 8, 9 are long irons. The loft is higher in mid and long irons. That’s why they are ideal for high handicappers. Mid and long irons are an excellent choice for playing pitch shots and chip shots on the greens.


Putters offer the least amount of distance. They are specifically meant to “roll’ the ball into the hole. That’s why when you’re in the green or close to the green, a putter is a great choice to use. It will help you to send the ball into the hole.

Golf Club Putters
Golf Club Putters

There are several styles of putters. Suppose you find out the right one for you to get off, adding strokes to your score. Choosing the right club head, features, and length is essential as this will help you find the bottom of the cup when you get to the green.

Which Clubs to have in your bag

There are some rules on the golf game about how many clubs you can carry in your golf bag. The highest number of clubs you can carry is 14. There is a penalty if you convey more than 14 clubs in your bag. For taking additional golf club will be two strokes per hole. That’s why you need to know which clubs to have in your bag so that you can cover maximal shots with proficiency. So, choose wisely.

Which Clubs to have in your bag
Which Clubs to have in your bag

Are you confused about what clubs you need to have in your bag? Don’t worry. Let me clear your confusion. And help you choose the best set of golf clubs that you can convey. Let’s talk about it.

Clubs to Set Out

In the above section, you knew that you have 14 spots to fill. Put a driver and a putter in the top two slots. It’s up to you if you want to replace your driver with a hybrid. You can read our blog about how to organize a golf bag so that you can fill the 14 spots properly with your golf club.

For filling spot three, you can go for 3-wood. It’s also indispensable. You can add five more irons. Now you are done with eight spots. It depends on you how you combine to fill the remaining six spots. We will give you a plan to follow. You can change it anytime whenever you feel to change.

The long clubs

You can fill the remaining six spots with three long clubs: a 4, 5-iron, and a 5-wood. If you are adorers of hybrid clubs, you can replace four and 5-iron both with a hybrid. Keep in mind that you replace both with a combination of a similar loft. That’s totally up to you. Now you have left with three more spots.


For the remaining three spots, we will keep two wedges. Before picking lep in mind, there is no massive gap between the yardage of these two wedges.

It is entirely dependent on your swing speed and range. If you pick a wedge with a yardage of 110 yards, then the next wedge should have a yardage of 90-95yards.

The majority of golfers opt for a 52-degree wedge. You can also go for it. Try to keep the gap between your two wedges as low as possible. That’s the trick.

Now we have reached the end. Only one more spot left.

The Final club to have in your bag

You can choose a wedge or long club for the last spot. You can fill the final place based on your play on the golf course.

For long courses, go with hybrid or fairway wood. As a result, the lengthy par three-shot will become easier to hit.

For playing in a short course, you will need more accuracy around the greens. It’s easy. Use a wedge instead of using a long club.

How to know which Golf Clubs To Use In Different Areas Of A Golf Course

Tee Box:

  • Driver
  • Fairway Wood
  • Hybrid
  • Iron


  • Fairway Wood
  • Hybrid
  • Iron
  • Wedge


  • Iron
  • Hybrid
  • Wedge

Outside/Around the Greens (Within 100 yards)

  • High Numbered Irons or hybrids ( like 8 or 9)
  • Wedges
  • Putter


  • Putter

Gender Factor For Selecting Golf Clubs

Gender can also be a determining factor in choosing golf clubs. It varies for men and women as they have different swing speeds. Let’s dive into it.

Gender Factor For Selecting Golf Clubs
Gender Factor For Selecting Golf Clubs

For men

The fairway 3 wood with a 17-degree loft is super versatile. Be it teeing off or shots off the fairway, this club can be a handy club to have in your golf bag.

We have three tips to help you in this affair:

  • Your golf learning curve will have a headstart if you use three wood fairway or hybrids
  • You can use a more substantial loft for more sidespin and use a weaker loft for hitting straight.
  • You can also pick A 21-degree, 25-degree, and 30-degree hybrid.

For women

Women have slower swing speeds than men. That’s why they should look for distance rather than control. Drivers are an excellent choice for teeing off.

Following tips will come in handy if you are a lady golfer.

  • For teeing off, use a 14-degree loft river
  • You can use 5 through 9 wood in fairways. 
  • For women, nine iron is a must-have


Knowing which club to use when to hit has a significant impact on your game. We hope this article has given you a better understanding of club selection in your bag and also on the golf course. You have also known about the gender factor for selecting golf clubs. We hope you enjoy this article and it will help you in your future golf trip.

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